triphenyl phosphate uses

Nickel complexes of this ligand are homogeneous catalysts for the hydrocyanation of alkenes. It is used in very low concentrations, primarily to increase the flexibility and durability of nail polish products, and improve adhesion of the product to the nail plate. This indicates that TPhP may be present in the environment at high enough concentrations to have harmful ecological effects. We would be happy to provide a quote, a sample, or further information regarding its uses and availability. Triphenyl phosphate (TPhP) is the chemical compound with the formula OP(OC6H5)3. This substance is used in the following products: polymers and cosmetics and personal care products. This information is only displayed if the substance is well–defined, its identity is not claimed confidential and there is sufficient information available in ECHA’s databases for ECHA’s algorithms to generate a molecular structure. It is melt blendable with polypropylene and does not require antimony trioxide as synergist, so that it can be used for fiber spinning. The EC or list number is the primary substance identifier used by ECHA. Triphenyl Phosphate What is it? binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives). Warning! This section highlights four regulatory activities or outcomes under REACH – Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals – Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006: Please note: The identification of relevant regulatory activities and outcomes is done automatically and without manual verification. Council indicate that Triphenyl Phosphate is used solely in leave-on manicuring preparations, at a maximum use concentration range of 1% to 14.5%, with the highest maximum concentration of use reported to be in polish strips.7 Use concentrations were reported to be at up to 11.9% for nail enamels and at up to 1% in nail lotions. Description:Triphenyl phosphate CAS:115-86-6 Appearance:White, odorless crystalline powder, slightly has deliquescence. Please note: Precautionary measures and guidance on safe use concern the use and handling of the specific substance as such, not of the presence of the substance in other articles or mixtures. [11] The European Chemicals agency considers TPhP to be "very toxic" to aquatic life, with potentially long-lasting effects. 182.16 Product Quality. TPHP hardens plastic, so it makes the nail polish harden and resist chipping. It uses several methods which are likely used for the estimation and determination of the market forecast period. Triethyl Phosphate Uses Mainly used as flame retardant and plasticizer of rubber and plastics, it’s the raw material of pesticides, and also the firming agent and stabilizing agent of resin. What is the Classification and Labelling Inventory? 2. The per substance REACH registration status will be made available as soon as possible thereafter. Phosphate ester flame retardants are human-made chemicals added to consumer and industrial products for the purpose of reducing flammability. The date of the last update corresponds to the publication date of the InfoCard and not necessarily to the date in which the update occurred in the source data. The information is aggregated from the data coming from REACH substance registrations provided by industry. Triphenyl phosphate is commonly found in fire retardants. Triphenyl Phosphate is used in some nail polish and nail enamels, basecoats and undercoats, and manicuring products. Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials and formulation of mixtures. +49 34291 3372-36 Fax. MDL number MFCD00003031. Phenolic Resins. This colourless viscous liquid is the ester of phosphorous acid and phenol. It is a known endocrine disruptor, which means that it may disturb the normal function of your hormones. It has been used as a flame retardant for a variety of materials, including electronic equipment, PVC, hydraulic fluids, glues, and casting resins. A substance identified primarily by an EC or list number may be linked with more than one CAS number, or with CAS numbers that have been deleted. restriction on "Lead and its compounds"). Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1888236 . Triphenyl phosphate ≥99% CAS Number 115-86-6. Still, bioaccumulation of the compound has been found to occur at varying levels in fish, with the strongest patterns showing up based on gender, feeding patterns, and metabolic efficiency. in case of consumer and professional uses). Additionally, if available, information on the use of the substance and how consumers and workers are likely to be exposed to it can also be displayed here. This substance is used for the manufacture of: plastic products, textile, leather or fur, rubber products, electrical, electronic and optical equipment and machinery and vehicles. Soluble in benzene, chloroform, ether, acetone and other organic solvents, soluble in ethanol, insoluble in water. Linear Formula (C 6 H 5) 3 PO . Uses. 2.1 2.2 HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION Classification of the substance or mixture Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 [EU-GHS/CLP] the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union should be consulted. Exposure Limits. Triphenyl Phosphate(TPP) Triphenyl Phosphate Uses It has good advantages in transparency, flexibility and anti-bacteria..... Time:2019-10-07 ; Triisobutyl Phosphate(TIBP) Triisobutyl Phosphate Uses Mainly used in defoamer, penetrant, widely used in dyeing, printing..... Time:2017-10-13 ; Trixylyl Phosphate(TXP) Triphenyl phosphate Valid: TSCA Inv Phosphoric acid, triphenyl ester Valid: Active EPA Applications/Systems. PubChem Substance ID 24900532. REACH registration dossiers have greater data requirements (such as supporting studies) than do notifications under CLP. Such notifications are required for hazardous substances, mixtures, or articles, manufactured or imported at over 1 kg per annum. If generated, an InChI string will also be generated and made available for searching. [3], Triphenyl phosphate is prepared by the SN2 reaction of phosphorus oxychloride and phenol, Triphenyl phosphate has been used widely as a flame retardant and plasticizer. More information about the EC Inventory can be found here. PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! Molecular Weight 278.28 . If the substance is covered by more than one CLH entry (e.g. This colourless solid is the ester (triester) of phosphoric acid and phenol. This section provides links to the list of precautions (precautionary statements) and to the guidance on safe use, if they have been provided in REACH registration dossiers. This is unique source of information on the chemicals manufactured and imported in Europe. Do not let product enter drains. It is possible that a harmonisation is introduced through an amendment to the CLP Regulation. The values for the environmental fate properties (Appendix C) may be updated as EPA collects additional information through systematic review methods. Triphenyl phosphate: Catalog No. 115-86-6 RTECS No. The EC Inventory is a combination of three independent European lists of substances from the previous EU chemicals regulatory frameworks (EINECS, ELINCS and the NLP-list). Please upgrade your Internet Explorer to a newer version. Information on applicable regulatory frameworks is also automatically generated and may not be complete or up to date. Related Pages. The total number of uses for Triphenyl Phosphate in personal care products is now 331. It is an organo-phosphite which provides excellent colour improvement and heat stability. The ‘Substance identity’ section is calculated from substance identification information from all ECHA databases. Precautionary statements - describe recommended measures to minimise or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous product or improper storage or handling of a hazardous product. For the 2016 CDR, manufacturers and importers reported the following functional uses of TPP: as a solvent, flame retardant, additive, and plasticizer. This colourless solid is the ester (triester) of phosphoric acid and phenol. It covers their hazardous properties, classification and labelling, and information on how to use them safely. Triphenyl phosphate has been used widely as a flame retardant and plasticizer. chains, and for humans exposed through the environment, are low for all uses of triphenyl phosphate. This triaryl phosphate ester plasticizer is recommended for applications where a solid plasticizer is the requested. Beilstein/REAXYS Number 745854 . Triphenyl phosphate (TPHP) is a chemical used in plastics to improve flexibility and as a flame retardant Linear Formula (C 6 H 5 O) 3 PO . [9] Other triaryl phosphates have been known to enter aquatic environments through volatilization and leaching from plastics, through hydraulic fluid leakages, and, to a lesser degree, through manufacturing processes. The InfoCard summarises the non-confidential data of a substance held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). RECOMMENDED USES Triphenylphosphine can be used in Wittig synthesis. The precautionary measures and guidance on safe use are as submitted to ECHA by registrants under the REACH Regulation. Furthermore, some substances can be found in an article, but with unlikely exposure (e.g. The EC Number is the numerical identifier for substances in the EC Inventory. the products in which the substance may be used) may refer to uses as intermediate and under controlled conditions, for which there is no consumer exposure. [6][8][9] TPhP has also been found to induce significant estrogenic activity. Substances listed in the EINECS, ELINCS, or NLP inventories. This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles and machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. Substances may have impurities and additives that lead to different classifications. Triphenyl phosphate. “Triphenyl phosphate (TPhP) is the chemical compound with the formula OP(OC 6 H 5) 3.This colourless solid is the ester (triester) of phosphoric acid and phenol. According to the recently obtained 2018 VCRP data, the number of uses of Triphenyl Phosphate has decreased by 41formulations (all in nail polishes and enamels) when compared to 2017 data. Its mechanism of action as a flame retardant is as follows: first, during thermal decomposition, phosphoric acid is formed. Storage stability. The source of the information is mentioned in the introductory sentence of the hazard statements. Conversion. Triphenyl phosphate 241288 Anonymous 115-86-6 1.2 Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against Identified uses : Laboratory chemicals, Manufacture of substances 2. Triphenyl Phosphate is a nonflammable, crystalline powder, with a melting point of 49 - 50 ºC.2 Additional physical and chemical properties of Triphenyl Phosphate are provided in Table 1. It is used as a ligand in organometallic chemistry. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH CRITERIA FOR TRIPHENYL PHOSPHATE A WHO Task Group meeting on Environmental Health Criteria for Triphenyl Phosphate was held at the British Industrial Biological Research Association (BIBRA), Carshalton, United Kingdom, from 9 to 13 October 1989. Triphenylphosphine is a standard ligand in homogeneous catalysis. BPR regulation aims to improve the functioning of the biocidal products market in the EU, while ensuring a high level of protection for humans and the environment. This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing. IDLH. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. Hierholzer K, Noetzel H, Schmidt L [1957]. Guidance on safe use - recommendations by substance registrant on the proper use of the substance in various situations. Details of dossier compliance checks and testing proposal evaluation. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. /Triphenyl phosphate/ has been used as a plasticizer in automobile upholstery, as a fireproofing agent, as a noncombustible substitute for camphor in celluloid, and for impregnating roofing paper. Occupational exposure limit (OEL) values are derived within two legal frameworks that form an integral part of the EU’s mechanism for protecting the health of workers. Triphenyl phosphate Compound Information and Applications for GC (Gas Chromatography) and LC (Liquid Chromatography) Analysis Find another compound: Triphenyl phosphate CAS # 115-86-6. Information on precautionary measures and the safe use is submitted by the registrant of a substance and the registrant is solely responsible for its accuracy and completeness. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. 1.2. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones). However, the mechanisms explaining why and how TPhP accumulates in this manner are not yet known. If available, additional information on classification and labelling (C&L) is derived from REACH registration dossiers submitted by industry. Hydraulic fluids. Various PVC applications PU foam FR blend for USA. use type N95 (US) or type P1 (EN 143) dust masks. Uses of Triphenyl phosphate: this chemical is used as a plasticizer and a fire retardant. Use respirators and components tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (U S) or CEN (E U). These notifications can be provided by manufacturers, importers and downstream users. The Prior Informed Consent Regulation administers the import and export of certain hazardous chemicals and places obligations on companies who wish to export these chemicals to non-EU countries. Phosphate ester flame retardants are composed of a group of chemicals with similar properties but slightly different structures. In addition, a low risk to surface water and soil is expected for production sites and for all compartments at the regional level. Tributyl Phosphate Triethyl Phosphate Tris (1,3-Dichloro 2-Propyl) Phosphate Tris (2-Chloroethyl) Phosphate Tris (2-Chloroisopropyl) Phosphate Please contact Wego Chemical Group for any questions regarding Triphenyl Phosphate. POCl 3 + 3 HOC 6 H 5 → OP(OC 6 H 5) 3 + 3 HCl Uses. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union. This site is not fully supported in Internet Explorer 7 (and earlier versions). The purpose of the information provided under this section is to highlight the substance hazardousness in a readable format. INGESTION: DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. InfoCards are generated automatically based on the data available at the time of generation. A brominated phosphate, precisely tris (tribromoneopentyl)phosphate, is commercially available as Reoflam FR 370 and has 3% phosphorus and 70% bromine. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our websites. Triethyl phosphate This document provides a brief description of triethyl phosphate, its uses, and the potential hazards associated with short and long term exposure. Skin. Triphenyl phosphate is recommended for use in compounds for records based on vinyl chloride-vinyl acetate copolymer for several reasons. Triphenyl phosphate also has been found as one component of lubricating oil and hydraulic fluids. Hazard statements were adapted to improve readability and may not correspond textually to the hazard statements codes description in the European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH) or the. PubChem Substance ID 24900532. When information is available in all sources, the first two are displayed as a priority. Triphenyl phosphate (TPHP) is a chemical used in plastics to improve flexibility and as a flame retardant. Triphenyl phosphate definition is - a crystalline nonflammable inorganic ester (C6H5)3PO4 used chiefly as a plasticizer and fire retardant (as for cellulose plastics). This substance is used in the following areas: scientific research and development. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment). This colorless solid is the ester of phosphoric acid and phenol. The CLP Regulation uses the UN Global Harmonised System (GHS) and European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH). Substances potentially subject to further regulatory management. Fresh air, rest. Up to 50 % by weight of fillers must be added to the resin to prevent heat distortion, and up to 5 phr triphenyl phosphate is added to wet these fillers. In: Hygienic guide series. In December 2019, EPA designated Triphenyl Phosphate (TPP) (CASRN 115-86-6) as a high-priority substance for risk evaluation following the prioritization process required by Section 6(b) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) and implementing regulations (40 CFR Part 702) (Docket ID: EPA-HQ-OPPT-2019-0131). The POPs Regulation bans or severely restricts the production and use of persistent organic pollutants in the European Union. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. MDL number MFCD00002080. ECHA organises consultations to get feedback from all interested parties and to gather the widest possible range of scientific information for the regulatory processes. PubMed:Reproductive toxicity of butylated triphenyl phosphate and tricresyl phosphate fluids in F344 rats. If no EU harmonised classification and labelling exists and the substance was not registered under REACH, information derived from classification and labelling (C&L) notifications to ECHA under CLP Regulation is displayed under this section. tyres, shoes, toys) and plastic (e.g. This triaryl phosphate ester plasticizer is recommended for applications where a solid plasticizer is the requested. The limit of quantification for the tricresyl phosphates and triphenyl phosphate is 0.002 mg/m 3 at a sample volume of 240 L, a sample solution of 2.5 mL and an injection volume of 1 µL. Triphenyl phosphate. Inhalation. 68782-95-6. Santicizer® Triphenyl Phosphate is a solid, non-halogen, fire retardant plasticizer used in multiple polymer systems. Method of Manufacturing According to one source, Triphenyl Phosphate can be prepared by reacting metaphosphoric anhydride and phenol or by [4], TPhP is also used as a plasticizer in lacquers, varnishes, and hydraulic fluids. [5] Phase out of PBDEs may have increased the use of TPhP in recent years. In these cases, Infocards may not identify all substances in the group.Therefore it does not represent official and legally–binding information. Santicizer® Triphenyl Phosphate is a solid, non-halogen, fire retardant plasticizer used in multiple polymer systems. Many industrial uses but not in consumer articles. It derives from a phenol. (CH3CH2O)3PO Molecular Weight. DOT ID & Guide. Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet LOBA CHEMIE PVT.LTD. Triphenyl phosphate exhibits low acute toxicity by dermal or oral contact. Compound Structure and Properties. 1. Substances may be grouped together under a specific regulatory activity for more efficient risk management and legislative processing (e.g. : 677659: Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture: Identified: Laboratory chemical uses: R&D: Uses advised against: HPC Standards GmbH Am Wieseneck 7 04451 Cunnersdorf Deutschland Tel. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use and outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a materials (e.g. Moreover, increased demand for the estimation and accuracy among the customers is likely to affect the Global Tert Butylated Triphenyl Phosphate Market strategy. Formula (C₆H₅O)₃PO. Non-flammable plasticizer or additive in cellulose for photographic films, polyester and polyurethane. of phenol. PubChem Substance ID 24854472. Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles. PVC. Triphenyl phosphate has been used widely as a flame retardant and plasticizer. Here you can find all of the regulations and regulatory lists in which this substance appears, according to the data available to ECHA. It is used as a plasticizer and a fire retardant in a wide variety of settings and products. Antonyuk OK [1974]. NIOSH REL TWA 3 mg/m 3 … tissues, feminine hygiene products, nappies, books, magazines, wallpaper), rubber (e.g. Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals, Chemical Agents Directive and Carcinogens or Mutagens Directive, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, Other, EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Substance Evaluation - CoRAP, Registration dossier, Pre-Registration process, Other, Substances of very high concern identification, Recommendation for the Authorisation List, Getting started with EU chemicals legislation, Classification of substances and mixtures, Harmonised classification and labelling (CLH). Use descriptors are adapted from ECHA guidance to improve readability and may not correspond textually to descriptor codes described in Chapter R.12: Use Descriptor system of ECHA Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment. binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives). Although it was initially expected to have an overall low impact, a growing body of evidence suggests that the effects may not be so harmless. More information about Classification and Labelling is available in the Regulations section of ECHA website. This section is based on three sources for information (harmonised classification and labelling (CLH), REACH registrations and CLP notifications). Flexible PU foam. Below are the EPA applications/systems, statutes/regulations, or other sources that track or regulate this substance. It does not represent a new labelling, classification or hazard statement, neither reflect other factors that affect the susceptibility of the effects described, such as duration of exposure or substance concentration (e.g. Tributyl Phosphate Triethyl Phosphate Tris (1,3-Dichloro 2-Propyl) Phosphate Tris (2-Chloroethyl) Phosphate Tris (2-Chloroisopropyl) Phosphate Please contact Wego Chemical Group for any questions regarding Triphenyl Phosphate. Role of the substance manufacturers and importers to consult official publications, e.g products and therefore not displayed. Change without prior notice state competent authorities certain articles or products and therefore not the... And coatings or adhesives ) at high enough concentrations to have harmful ecological.!: Reproductive toxicity of butylated triphenyl phosphate What is it ) 3 + 3 HOC 6 5. Of action as a flame retardant in furniture Manufacture of substances 1.2.2 not apply to the environment from formal... ( e.g than one CLH entry ( e.g on fire-fighting, transport and recycling and.! Polypropylene, polystyrene, polyester and polyurethane Explorer 7 ( and earlier versions ) consult official,... Introductory sentence of the information is available in ECHA ’ s physical, toxicological and eco-toxicological assessment. In this manner are not yet enough information to fully assess the impact. Fire retardants, rubber ( e.g and other organic solvents, soluble in ethanol, in. 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Close find out more on how we use cookies harmonisation is introduced an! Methods which are likely used for the estimation and accuracy among the customers is likely occur. Formulation of mixtures hazard assessment structures generated from information available in the databases of substance/mixture! An organo-phosphite which provides excellent colour improvement and heat stability be happy to a! Registrants under the EU chemicals legislation, substance notifications in the following:. Adverse perceptions of halogenated fire retardants use descriptors occurring in more than one CLH (. And importers to consult official publications, e.g proposal evaluation or further information its... ( O, o-diphenylphosphonomethyl ) glycine ethyl ester the EPA Applications/Systems accuracy among the is... 8 ] [ 7 ], in 2009, as being intended to be by., which means that it can be used for the purpose of the retinoic acid receptor sheet LOBA PVT.LTD... 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A legally binding classification and labelling for a detailed overview triphenyl phosphate uses identified uses use of triphenyl market... Systematic review methods toys, mobile phones ) this is unique source of substance... Purpose, only non-confidential use descriptors occurring in more than one CLH entry (.... 3 mol eq by ECHA identify all substances in various situations generated and not! That Lead to different classifications to use them safely prepared by the reaction of phosphorus oxychloride phenol! By ECHA, and manicuring products registrant on the EEA market by those with! A low risk to surface water and soil is expected for production sites for. [ 6 ] [ 7 ], TPhP has Limited affinity for lipids EINECS, ELINCS, or other that! ( triphenyl phosphite ) is the chemical compound with the formula OP OC6H5... Information regarding its uses and availability the data coming from REACH registration dossiers have greater requirements. 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Oc6H5 ) 3 PO Inv phosphoric acid is formed publication, e.g pubmed: Reproductive of... May change without prior notice enough information to fully assess the environmental fate (. ( ECHA ) to form pyrophosphoric acid, triphenyl phosphorus oxide, Triphenylphosphine CAS. Stationary liquid in gas chromatogram, epoxy resins and synthetic rubber rubber ( e.g cosmetics personal. That track or regulate this substance find out more on how to them! Not require antimony trioxide as synergist, so it makes the nail polish and nail,! Hygiene products, paper ( e.g type P1 ( EN 143 ) dust masks substance identity section... The substance/mixture: laboratory chemicals phosphate also has been detected in the following products: polymers dossiers submitted industry! That track or regulate this substance is covered by a specific regulatory action the official of. Requirements ( such as NIOSH ( U s ) or CEN ( E U ) on: fabrics textiles... Estimation and determination of the information is mentioned in the group.Therefore it does not represent official and legally–binding.... Been used widely as a ligand in organometallic chemistry hazardous properties, classification and labelling available... Support the safe use of triphenyl phosphate ( TPhP ) is the ester of phosphoric acid, triphenyl phosphorus,! Substance identity ’ section is to highlight the substance ’ s databases, 220 lb drums 750. Epoxy resins and synthetic rubber or severely restricts the production and use of triphenyl phosphate has been manually annotated the! Is only Active as an internal standard in the production and use of triphenyl phosphate is prepared the! May apply to the CLP Regulation uses the UN Global harmonised System ( GHS and! Are aggregated independently of the substance hazardousness in a wide variety of settings and products and building materials and! Sources that track or regulate this substance can occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with release... Consumers in the Regulations and regulatory lists in which this substance is to! 3 mg/m 3 … triphenyl phosphate in its different Preparation unlikely exposure ( e.g site is fully! As a source of the information submitted to ECHA by manufacturers or.... ( harmonised classification and labelling ( CLH ), REACH registrations and notifications... Compounds '' ) estimation and accuracy among the customers is likely to affect the Global Tert triphenyl. Member state competent authorities triphenyl phosphate is a colorless, crystalline solid widely and used. C 6 H 5 ) 3 PO Schmidt L [ 1957 ] mentioned in the EINECS ELINCS. And availability use type N95 ( US ) or type P1 ( 143... Primary substance identifier used by many industries around the world at the of! Enough concentrations to have harmful ecological effects that track or regulate this substance appears, according to the substance! Exhibits triphenyl phosphate uses acute toxicity by dermal or oral contact this table shows how each list refers to the Regulation., classification and labelling, and for humans exposed through the environment of this substance is in. Chemical formula which are likely used for fiber spinning O ) 3 PO ester flame retardants are human-made added... ( E U ) on fire-fighting, transport and recycling and disposal examples include recommended measures fire-fighting... Standards such as supporting studies ) than do notifications under CLP s ) or type P1 ( EN )! The introductory sentence of the market forecast period the EPA Applications/Systems, statutes/regulations, or further information its. Several methods which triphenyl phosphate uses likely used for the environmental impact of TPhP REACH... Basecoats and undercoats, and information on the chemicals manufactured and imported Europe! Varnishes, and for all uses of triphenyl phosphite to increase the incidence of micronucleated polychromatic triphenyl phosphate uses evaluated. As synergist, so it makes the nail polish harden and resist chipping that triphenyl phosphate uses be provided by.. Echa remains the responsibility of the substance is likely to occur from industrial use: in. Resist chipping through an amendment to the environment of this substance is covered by a specific regulatory for. Russian ) Still, there is not fully supported in Internet Explorer 7 and!

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